What function do minerals have?

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Welche Funktion haben Mineralstoffe?

Team Vitamin Owl

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1. what are minerals?

Minerals are inorganic substances. They fulfil different functions in the human organism. Through a healthy and balanced diet they should be taken in daily. The body needs them, for example, to maintain a normal metabolism.

Minerals are divided into two categories:

- Trace elements

- Quantity elements

Trace elements are present in the body in low concentrations, while bulk elements are present in the organism in quantities of over 50 mg.

2 Which tasks are performed by minerals?

Minerals take over many tasks in the human body:

  • Maintenance of normal tissue tension
  • Transmission of stimuli and enzymes
  • Maintenance of normal blood clotting
  • Transmission of pulses
  • Strengthening of the immune system
  • Mineralization of strong bones and teeth
  • Stabilization of the excitability of the muscles
  • Regulation of the acid-base balance
  • Production of enzymes

3. what minerals are there?


Among other things:

  • Iron
    Iron is an important trace element that significantly regulates oxygen transport in the body. A chronic iron deficiency can lead to symptoms such as anaemia, fatigue, headaches and concentration problems. It is therefore all the more important to correctly determine a too low iron value.

  • Iodine
    If there were no iodine, there would be no thyroid hormone. It is essential for the thyroid gland and the regulation of metabolic processes. Since the organism cannot produce iodine itself, it must be taken in daily through a healthy and balanced diet.

  • Zinc
    Zinc is only found in small amounts in the human organism. The trace element is a component of many enzymes and fulfils many important key roles in the human body. In the human organism, many biochemical processes are controlled by zinc, which is why the trace element is vital.

  • Selenium
    Selenium performs a variety of tasks in the body, such as protecting
    cells from oxidative damage. These include environmental and radiation exposure. Selenium is important for the formation of sperm and thus for male fertility. The mineral regulates the thyroid hormone balance and thus contributes to the optimal function of the
    thyroid gland.

4 How do you recognise a mineral deficiency?

A mineral deficiency is often caused by an unbalanced diet. The consumption of ready meals and fast food can also trigger a lack of minerals. A lack of trace and bulk elements can quickly lead to symptoms that indicate an acute mineral deficiency. These are for example severe fatigue, hair loss or skin changes. In severe cases, a mineral deficiency can lead to anaemia or osteoporosis. If a mineral deficiency is suspected, it is best to consult a doctor. The doctor should be given a detailed description of the symptoms and the medical history. On the basis of the existing symptoms, the doctor can determine whether there is an acute deficiency. A mineral deficiency can be easily remedied with the help of dietary supplements.

5. conclusion

Minerals are essential for the human organism. They strengthen the immune system, regulate the acid-base balance and produce enzymes. In order to be able to absorb minerals daily, it is best to eat a healthy and balanced diet. This is a good way to prevent a mineral deficiency. In case of a deficiency it helps to change your diet. With the help of dietary supplements you can quickly get a mineral deficiency under control again.


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